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经济金融术语汉英对照表 K-N

K

开办人民币业务 to engage in RMB business

可维持(可持续)经济增长 sustainable economic growth

可变成本 variable cost

可自由兑换货币 freely convertible currency

控制现金投放 control currency issuance

扣除物价因素 in real terms; on inflation-adjusted basis

库存产品 inventory

跨国银行业务 cross-border banking

跨年度采购 cross-year procurement

会计准则 accounting standard

L

来料加工 processing of imported materials for export

离岸银行业务 off-shore banking (business)

理顺外贸体制 to rationalize foreign trade regime

利率杠杆的调节作用 the role of interest rates in resource allocation

利润驱动 profit-driven

利息回收率 interest collection ratio

联行清算 inter-bank settlement

连锁企业 franchise (businesses); chain businesses

良性循环 virtuous cycle

两极分化 growing income disparity; polarization in income distribution

零售物价指数 retail price index (RPI)

流动性比例 liquidity ratio

流动资产周转率/流通速度 velocity of liquid assets

流动资金贷款 working capital loans

流通体制 distribution system

流通网络 distribution network

留购(租赁期满时承租人可购买租赁物) hire purchase

垄断行业 monopolized industry (sector)

乱集资 irregular (illegal) fund raising

乱收费 irregular (illegal) charges

乱摊派 unjustified (arbitrary) levies 

 

M

买方市场 buyer's market

卖方市场 seller's market

卖出回购证券 matched sale of repo

贸易差额 trade balance

民间信用 non-institutionalized credit

免二减三 exemption of income tax for the first two years of making profit and 50% tax reduction for the following three years

明补 explicit subsidy

明亏 explicit loss

名牌产品 brand products

母国(请见东道国 home country

 

N

内部控制 internal control

内部审计 internal audit

内地与香港 the mainland and Hong Kong

内债 domestic debt

扭亏为盈 to turn a loss-making enterprise into a profitable one

扭曲金融分配 distorted allocation of financial resources

农副产品采购支出 outlays for agricultural procurement

农村信用社 rural credit cooperatives (RCCs)

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